Infertility refers to the inability to have children. It can be divided into two broad categories – primary and secondary infertility. Primary infertility refers to the inability to ever have a child. Secondary infertility refers to those cases where people have had children but fail to conceive after that. 

The reasons may be acquired, genetic or influenced by lifestyle. Infertility affects men and women all around the world and is the cause of many cultural and social stigmas.

The countries with the lowest rates of female infertility are in the South American continent. It is estimated that approximately 3 to 7% of all couples worldwide suffer from infertility. Infertility has increased since the 1980s and the rate increases in proportion with the age of men and women. 40% of all issues with infertility are diagnosed in men, an equal number in women, and 20% due to complications in both partners.

Acquired female infertility is spurred on by age, tobacco smoking, diabetes, STDs, body-weight and eating disorders. The same account to male fertility with the addition of testicular factors, trauma and impotence. A blood and/or semen test can decidedly provide results and determine treatment for the same. Semen analysis, Hormone measurements hysterosalpingography and Laparoscopy are some tests that can be taken to determine infertility and its reasons.

Infertility among women can be treated up to some extent. Clomifene tablets are prescribed to women with normal estrogen levels to induce ovulation. Gonadotrophin injections are used for women that have failed to respond to clomifene or are not suitable for it. Another popular option is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). Chances of a multiple birth increase slightly in IVF. Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection is a remedy to treat male fertility. It is very similar to IVF except that the single sperm is injected directly into the egg. Apart from these, donor insemination and egg donation are methods to induce a pregnancy.


5 ways obesity affects your chances of getting pregnant
- Debjani Arora
April 10, 2014 at 07:03pm
Trying to get pregnant but can't get results? Check on your weight, obesity can hamper conception in a big way.

Tips to choose the right IVF clinic and doctor
- Dr Aniruddha Malpani
March 28, 2014 at 12:36pm
A couple trying to have a baby can become very desperate and this desperation can lead to some stupid decisions. Here's how he can avoid falling for …

Top 10 traits of a good IVF patient
- Dr Aniruddha Malpani
March 27, 2014 at 04:37pm
Did you know that being a 'good patient' is the best way to ensure the success of your IVF treatment.

The Ultimate Fertility Quiz
- Dr Aniruddha Malpani
March 26, 2014 at 04:58pm
Take it if you want to find out what goes on in your body when you're pregnant, trying to conceive or if you're a medical student or aficionado who …

How to pick a good IVF doctor? The top 10 qualities you should look out for!
- Dr Aniruddha Malpani
March 24, 2014 at 10:56am
Opting for an IVF specialist can be a harrowing experience. Here are some traits you should look out for.

more articles...

Ask an expert

You agree to the terms and conditions by posting your question

Post question anonymously (Your name would not be displayed on screen)


Treating infertility – the new and improved approach
- Dr Aniruddha Malpani
March 20, 2014 at 02:51pm
Dr Aniruddha Malpani, an IVF specialist tells us how infertility treatments have changed over the years and how it can be made more …

10 silly sex myths we have heard (Gallery)
- Editorial Team
February 14, 2014 at 07:05pm
Don't get fooled by these common misconceptions.

Beware of these 10 things that could cause infertility (Gallery)
- Editorial Team
February 14, 2014 at 12:08pm
Beware of these things that can cause infertility.

Quiz: Could you be having problems with your sex life?
- Editorial Team
December 30, 2013 at 11:07am
There is a belief that a man thinks about sex 8,000 times a day. Although there is no evidence confirming this, our question and answer section is …

Cholesterol control mega guide – all you need to know to prevent heart disease
- Editorial Team
December 19, 2013 at 06:32pm
Find out everything you need to know about cholesterol.

more articles...


more news...