According to WHO, the illegal kidney trade has risen to such a level globally that an estimated 10,000 illegal kidney trades occur every year. That means that an illegal kidney transplantation takes place every hour around the world.
The key reason for the increase in demand is attributed to an increasing number of diabetes cases and other metabolic diseases hastened by an unhealthy lifestyle. According to sources, traffickers buy kidney for 5000 dollars (Rs 2.5 lakhs) in developing countries like India, China and Pakistan and sell them for $200,000 (Rs 1 crore) in developed countries. Recently the Israeli police arrested 10 people including surgeons and traffickers who are suspected to be involved in the illegal kidney trade and other illegal kidney trade is still uncovered in countries like India and Pakistan. A China organ broker actually advertised using the slogan ‘donate a kidney, buy the new iPad’ and added it’d be done in ten days. The Guardian reported that he was buying kidneys for 2,500 pounds a pop.
‘Humanity itself is being undermined by the vast profits involved and the poor people who undergo ‘amputation’ for cash are pitiable’ said WHO.
“The illegal trade of kidneys had fallen down in 2006-07. But, the trade and underground donations are being flourished again now by the increased demand of kidneys”,” It is ever growing and curtailing the illegal kidney trade has become difficult and it is a constant struggle too”, said Luc Noel, a doctor and WHO official who is monitoring the legitimate and underground donations and transplants of human organs.
Noel added that the cause for the increased demand of kidneys are by the growing heart, kidney and pancreas diseases and illegal kidney trade covers 75% of the global illicit trade in human organs
Data from the WHO shows that of the 106,879 solid organs have been transplanted in 95 member states in 2010 (legally and illegally).
“The people who gain are the rich transplant patients who can afford to buy a kidney, the doctors and hospital administrators, and the middlemen, the traffickers. It’s absolutely wrong, morally wrong,” Noel said.